Being in a Building Committing a Serious Indictable Offence NSW

Being in a Building/Land Committing a Serious Indictable Offence in NSW: Legal Implications and Outcomes

In New South Wales (NSW), criminal law delineates various offences related to trespassing and committing crimes on another’s property. Among them, the offence of being in a building or on land and committing a serious indictable offence stands out as particularly severe. This article will examine the parameters of this offence, its implications, and the resulting penalties.

Defining the Offence

The act of being in a building or on land and committing a serious indictable offence is distinct from mere trespassing. Here, the accused isn’t just unlawfully on the premises but commits another serious offence while there.

A serious indictable offence, as per NSW law, refers to crimes punishable by imprisonment for five years or more, such as:

  • Assault
  • Theft or larceny
  • Property damage
  • Sexual offences

Elements of the Crime

For a successful conviction, the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt:

  • The accused was unlawfully in a building or on land (without the owner’s or occupier’s consent).
  • While there, the accused committed a serious indictable offence.

Legal Implications

The essence of this offence lies in its compound nature. It’s not just the act of trespassing; it’s the commitment of another serious crime once inside or on the premises. This dual action makes the offence especially grievous in the eyes of the law.


The NSW legal system imposes severe penalties on those found guilty of being in a building or on land and committing a serious indictable offence, including:

  • Heavy fines
  • Imprisonment, with the sentence length varying based on the gravity of the indictable offence committed, any previous criminal history, and other pertinent factors. In some cases, long-term imprisonment can be imposed, especially if the indictable offence committed was of a particularly severe nature, such as a violent assault or sexual offence.

Examples of Prosecutions

While every case has its unique details, understanding a few examples can help elucidate the offence’s nature:

  • 2018, Northern NSW: A man was convicted after entering a warehouse unlawfully and stealing equipment. While the primary offence was theft, the fact that he had unlawfully entered the building to commit the theft intensified the crime’s severity.
  • 2020, Sydney: A woman faced charges after unlawfully entering a private residence and committing an assault against the occupant. The dual nature of her crime—trespassing and then committing an indictable offence—led to an increased sentence.


Being in a building or on land and committing a serious indictable offence in NSW is treated with the utmost seriousness, with penalties reflecting the compounded nature of the crime. Anyone facing such charges should immediately seek legal counsel to navigate the complex legal landscape surrounding this offence.