Cyber stalking offences in victoria

What constitutes cyberstalking in Victoria, how charges are laid, the court process, and potential penalties

Cyberstalking is a form of harassment that occurs online and can involve a range of behaviours such as sending threatening messages, tracking someone’s online activities, or spreading false information about them. In Victoria, Australia, cyberstalking is considered a criminal offence under the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) and can result in significant penalties, including imprisonment.

What is Cyber Stalking?

Cyberstalking involves using the internet or other electronic means to stalk or harass an individual or group of individuals. This can include a range of behaviours such as:

Sending Threatening Messages

Sending threatening or abusive messages via email, social media, or other online platforms.

Tracking Online Activities

Monitoring someone’s online activities without their consent, for example, by tracking their social media accounts or using spyware to monitor their computer usage.

Spreading False Information

Spreading false or defamatory information about someone online.


Creating fake online profiles or websites to impersonate someone else.

In Victoria, cyberstalking is covered under Section 21A of the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic), which states that a person must not stalk another person. Stalking includes engaging in conduct such as publishing on the internet or by email or other electronic communication to any person a statement or other material relating to the victim or any other person.

Charges and Court Process

Charges for cyber-and-computer-offences stalking offences in Victoria are laid under the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic). Once charges are laid, the accused will be required to appear in court to face the charges. The court process typically involves several stages, including a first appearance, a committal hearing, and a trial.

At the first appearance, the accused is formally charged and enters a plea of guilty or not guilty. If the accused pleads not guilty, the matter will proceed to a committal hearing, where the magistrate will decide if there is enough evidence for the matter to proceed to trial. If the matter proceeds to trial, the prosecution and defense will present their cases, and the judge or jury will deliver a verdict.

Penalties for cyber stalking offences

The penalties for cyber stalking offences in Victoria can be severe. Under the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic), the maximum penalty for stalking is 10 years imprisonment. However, the actual penalty imposed will depend on several factors, including the nature and severity of the offence, the offender’s criminal history, and any other relevant circumstances.

Consequences for a cyberstalking offence 

In addition to the legal penalties, a conviction for a cyber stalking-offences- offence can have far-reaching consequences. Individuals may face reputational damage, loss of employment, and difficulties in obtaining future employment. It may also result in a criminal record, which can affect travel and other aspects of life.

Preventing cyberstalking

Preventing cyberstalking is crucial for both individuals and businesses. Some key preventative measures include:

  1. Be Cautious with Personal Information: Be careful about sharing personal information online, especially on social media and unfamiliar websites.
  2. Use Strong Passwords: Create strong, unique passwords for each online account and change them regularly.
  3. Implement Security Measures: For businesses, it is crucial to implement robust security measures, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and regular security audits.
  4. Educate Yourself and Others: Be aware of the risks of cyber stalking and educate others about the dangers and how to protect themselves.


Cyberstalking offences in Victoria carry severe penalties and can have far-reaching consequences for both individuals and businesses. It is crucial to be aware of the risks and to take proactive steps to prevent and protect against cyberstalking. If you believe you have been a victim of cyberstalking, or if you are facing charges for a cyber stalking offence, it is important to seek legal advice as soon as possible.