Recklessly causing injury offences in Victoria

Types of recklessly causing injury offences

This article will provide a comprehensive guide to recklessly causing injury offences in Victoria, outlining the types of offences, how police lay charges, the court process, potential penalties, and broader consequences of a conviction.

In Victoria, recklessly assault causing injury is a serious criminal offence. It involves intentionally or recklessly causing injury to another person.

Recklessly causing injury offences can range in severity from minor injuries to more serious harm. The key elements of the offence are:

The accused acted recklessly

that is, they were aware that their actions would probably result in injury to another person, and

The accused’s actions caused injury to another person

An injury includes any physical injury, harm to mental health, disease, or an aggravation of a pre-existing physical or mental health condition.

How police lay charges

When an incident involving assault-causing-serious-injury- is reported, the police will conduct a thorough investigation to gather evidence. This may involve interviewing the victim, the accused, and any witnesses, collecting physical evidence, and reviewing any available recordings or digital evidence.

If the police believe there is sufficient evidence to support a charge of recklessly causing injury, they will formally lay charges against the accused. Depending on the severity of the offence and the circumstances of the case, the accused may be arrested and taken into custody or issued with a summons to appear in court at a later date.

Court process

The court process for recklessly causing injury offences in Victoria typically involves the following stages:

First appearance

 The accused will have a first appearance in the Magistrates’ Court, where they will be formally charged and asked to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty.

Contest mention

If the accused pleads not guilty, a contest mention date will be set. This is an opportunity for both parties to discuss the issues in the case and see if it can be resolved without going to trial.

Committal hearing

If the case is not resolved at the contest mention, a committal hearing will be held. This is a preliminary hearing where the magistrate decides if there is enough evidence for the case to proceed to trial.


If the case proceeds to trial, the prosecution and defence will present their cases, and the judge or jury will deliver a verdict.


If the accused is found guilty, a sentencing hearing will be held to determine the appropriate penalty.

Penalties for recklessly causing injury 

The penalties for recklessly causing injury in Victoria are outlined in the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic). The maximum penalty is 5 years imprisonment. However, the actual penalty imposed will depend on a variety of factors, including the severity of the injury, the circumstances of the offence, and the accused’s prior criminal history.

Other potential penalties include fines, community corrections orders, or a combination of these.


In addition to the legal penalties, a conviction for physical-violence-offencecan have far-reaching consequences. It may result in a criminal record, which can affect employment prospects, travel opportunities, and eligibility for certain licenses and permits. It may also result in a loss of reputation and strained relationships with family and friends.


Recklessly causing injury is a serious offence in Victoria with significant legal and personal consequences. If you are charged with recklessly causing injury, it is important to seek legal advice as soon as possible. A qualified legal professional can help you understand your rights and options and provide guidance throughout the court process. Support services, such as counselling and anger management programs, may also help address any underlying issues that contributed to the offence.