The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) NSW

The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in NSW: Functions, Powers, and Jurisdictions

The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in New South Wales is a beacon of accountability and transparency designed to combat corrupt activities within the public sector. Established under the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act 1988, ICAC has since played an instrumental role in ensuring that public sector agencies and officials operate with integrity and in the public interest. This article seeks to elucidate the fundamental functions, expansive powers, and specific jurisdictions of ICAC in NSW.

ICAC Functions

  • Investigations and Inquiries: One of the primary functions of ICAC is to investigate, expose, and prevent corruption involving the public administration in NSW. This includes any actions by state government agencies, local governments, members of Parliament, and even the judiciary.
  • Education and Training: Beyond its investigative functions, ICAC is actively involved in educating public sector agencies on best practices to prevent corruption. It provides public administrators training, resources, and advice to enhance their corruption resistance.
  • Policy Recommendations: ICAC can recommend changes to policies, procedures, or legislation that might be conducive to corrupt activities.

ICAC Powers

  • Compulsory Powers: To facilitate its investigations, ICAC can exercise extensive compulsory powers. These include the ability to issue a summons, require the production of documents, enter premises (under warrant), and intercept communications.
  • Hearings: ICAC has the authority to conduct public and private hearings. While public hearings are instrumental in exposing corruption and educating the public, private hearings can be crucial when dealing with sensitive information.
  • Recommendations for Prosecution: While ICAC does not have prosecutorial powers, it can recommend to the Director of Public Prosecutions that charges be laid based on the findings from its investigations.
  • Witness Protection: Recognizing the risks of exposing corruption, ICAC is equipped with powers to protect witnesses. This includes securing their anonymity or providing safeguards against potential retributions.

ICAC Jurisdiction

ICAC operates specifically within the domain of the public sector in NSW. Its jurisdiction encompasses:

  • State Government Departments and Agencies: This includes bodies such as health services, educational institutions, and transportation services.
  • Local Governments: ICAC’s purview extends to local councils and their operations.
  • Members of the NSW Parliament: Elected officials, given their potent influence on public policy and decision-making, come under ICAC’s watch.
  • State Judiciary: Including magistrates and judges.

However, it’s worth noting that ICAC does not handle complaints related to the NSW Police Force, which are dealt with by the Law Enforcement Conduct Commission (LECC).

Examples of Penalties and Actions

Over the years, ICAC has been involved in several high-profile investigations. Its findings have led to the resignation of ministers, disciplinary actions against public officials, and even changes in legislation to seal gaps that permitted corrupt conduct.

  • A significant case involved former NSW Minister Eddie Obeid, where ICAC’s investigations led to his conviction and imprisonment for misconduct in public office.
  • In another instance, ICAC’s findings on corrupt activities in local councils led to reforms in the local government sector to bolster accountability.


ICAC’s role in NSW’s governance structure is crucial. Its proactive approach to investigating and preventing corruption has significantly bolstered public confidence in the state’s public institutions. By continuously adapting and responding to the evolving challenges of corruption, ICAC remains a formidable force in preserving the integrity of public administration in NSW.