Cultivation of Drugs in Victoria

This article provides a comprehensive overview of drug cultivation offences in Victoria, detailing how charges are laid, the court process, the associated penalties, and the potential consequences.

The cultivation of drugs is a serious offence in Victoria, governed by the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (Vic). This legislation outlines the various offences related to drug cultivation, the process of laying charges, the court process, as well as the penalties and consequences associated with these offences.

Types of or drug cultivation offences

  1. Cultivation of a Drug of Dependence: It is illegal to cultivate a drug of dependence, such as cannabis, without a valid license or authorization.
  2. Cultivation of a Controlled Plant: It is illegal to cultivate a controlled plant, such as opium poppy, without a valid license or authorization.
  3. Cultivation with the Intent to Traffic: It is illegal to cultivate a drug of dependence or a controlled plant with the intent to sell or supply.

How Police Lay Charges

When the police suspect someone of being involved in the cultivation of drugs, they may conduct investigations, which could include surveillance, undercover operations, and searches. If the police gather enough evidence, they may arrest the suspected individual(s) and take them into custody. The police will then prepare a brief of evidence, which includes all the evidence they have gathered, such as the plants seized, any related equipment or materials, and statements from witnesses.

The police may then lay charges, and the accused will be issued with a summons to appear in court. The charges laid will depend on the nature and extent of the cultivation operation, as well as any other related offences, such as possession of equipment for drug trafficking.

Court Process

The court process for drug cultivation offences in Victoria typically involves the following stages:

  1. First Appearance: The accused will have a first appearance in the Magistrates’ Court, where they will be formally charged and asked to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty.
  2. Contest Mention: If the accused pleads not guilty, a contest mention date will be set. This is an opportunity for both parties to discuss the issues in the case and see if it can be resolved without going to trial.
  3. Committal Hearing: If the case is not resolved at the contest mention, a committal hearing will be held. This is a preliminary hearing where the magistrate decides if there is enough evidence for the case to proceed to trial.
  4. Trial: If the case proceeds to trial, the prosecution and defense will present their cases, and the judge or jury will deliver a verdict.
  5. Sentencing: If the accused is found guilty, a sentencing hearing will be held to determine the appropriate penalty.

Penalties or drug cultivation offences

The penalties for drug cultivation offences in Victoria vary depending on the type and quantity of drugs involved. For example, cultivating a small quantity of cannabis for personal use carries a maximum penalty of imprisonment for up to 1 year or a fine. However, cultivating a commercial quantity of cannabis carries a maximum penalty of imprisonment for up to 15 years.


In addition to the legal penalties, a conviction for drug cultivation can have far-reaching consequences. It may result in a criminal record, which can affect employment prospects, travel opportunities, and eligibility for certain licenses and permits. It may also result in a loss of reputation and strained relationships with family and friends.


The cultivation of drugs is a serious offence in Victoria and carries severe penalties and consequences. It is important to be aware of the laws surrounding drug cultivation and to seek legal advice if you are facing charges for a drug-related offence. A qualified legal professional can help you understand your rights and options and provide guidance throughout the court process.