The process of the Criminal Hearings In NSW Local Court

The Inner Workings Of Criminal Hearings In The Local Court Of NSW

The Local Court of New South Wales (NSW) serves as the foundation of the state’s criminal justice system, handling a wide range of criminal cases. Understanding the process in this court is essential for defendants, legal practitioners, and the public at large. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of the criminal hearing process in the Local Court of NSW and real-life case examples that exemplify its significance.

Filing of Charges and Arrest

The criminal process typically begins when law enforcement authorities investigate a crime and, if they have sufficient evidence, make an arrest. The accused is brought before the Local Court for their first appearance, where the charges are read, and they are asked to enter a plea.

Example Case: A person is arrested and charged with assault causing grievous bodily harm.

The First Mention

The prosecution and defence lawyers gather essential information about the case during the first mention. The court addresses procedural matters, sets future court dates, and allows the defendant to enter a plea.

Example Case: A defendant is charged with possessing illicit substances and asked to enter a plea during the first mention.

Committal Mention

A committal mention is conducted for more serious offences that require trial in a higher court. The prosecution and defence discuss case preparations, evidence, and potential witnesses.

Example Case: In a robbery case with potential indictable offences, the committal mention determines the readiness for a higher court trial.

Plea Negotiations

Before the trial begins, the prosecution and defence may engage in plea negotiations to agree on a lesser charge or sentence.

Example Case: In a theft case, the defence negotiates with the prosecution to reduce the charges to a misdemeanour instead of a felony.


During the hearing, the court listens to evidence presented by both parties. Witnesses may be called to testify, and relevant documents and exhibits are submitted.

Example Case: In a domestic violence case, the victim testifies, and security footage from the scene is presented as evidence.


The defence can cross-examine prosecution witnesses to test their credibility and the reliability of their statements.

Example Case: The defence cross-examines an eyewitness in an assault case to uncover potential inconsistencies in their account.


The court moves to sentence if the defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty after the hearing. The judge considers relevant factors, such as the severity of the offence and the defendant’s criminal history, to determine an appropriate sentence.

Example Case: In a DUI case, the judge considers the defendant’s prior record and the potential harm caused by the offense before delivering the sentence.


Following a verdict, the defendant or prosecution may appeal the decision to a higher court if they believe errors were made during the trial.

Example Case: The defence appeals a conviction in a fraud case, citing procedural errors that could have affected the outcome.

Conclusion: The Local Court of NSW is vital in ensuring justice is served in various criminal cases. Understanding the process provides valuable insights into the mechanisms that safeguard the rights of defendants and victims alike. Through real-life examples, we witness the significance of this process and its impact on the lives of those involved in the pursuit of justice.