Ponzi Schemes crime in NSW

This article sheds light on Ponzi schemes in NSW, examines real-life examples, and delves into the charges faced by those who perpetrate these fraudulent schemes.

In New South Wales (NSW), Ponzi schemes are primarily regulated and prosecuted under various sections of the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW) and related laws. Specifically, charges related to fraud, false accounting, false and misleading conduct, and conspiracy may be brought against individuals involved in operating Ponzi schemes. Additionally, provisions of the Australian Consumer Law may apply to address false and misleading conduct targeted at investors.

Understanding Ponzi Schemes

A Ponzi scheme operates under the guise of legitimate investments. The schemer uses funds from new investors to pay earlier investors, giving the illusion of profitable returns. No legitimate profits are generated; the scheme relies solely on the constant influx of new investors.

The “XYZ Investment Fund” Ponzi Scheme

Scenario: A charismatic individual sets up the “XYZ Investment Fund” promising fixed returns of 20% per month to investors. Action: New investors are enticed by the high returns and encouraged to recruit others into the scheme. Consequence: The schemer uses funds from new investors to pay returns to earlier investors, creating the illusion of a successful venture. As the scheme grows, it becomes unsustainable and eventually collapses, causing severe financial losses for many participants.

The “Real Estate Ventures” Ponzi Scheme

Scenario: A fraudulent company, “Real Estate Ventures,” offers investors a chance to invest in high-yield real estate projects promising substantial profits. Action: Investors are encouraged to reinvest their returns to compound their earnings, further fueling the scheme’s growth. Consequence: The schemer uses new investors’ funds to pay earlier investors’ returns. When the scheme reaches a critical point where new investors are insufficient to cover returns, the scheme collapses, leaving investors with substantial financial losses.

Charges for Operating Ponzi Schemes in NSW

Operating a Ponzi scheme in NSW is illegal and constitutes a serious financial crime. Perpetrators can face multiple charges, including:


Under Section 192E of the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW), those engaged in Ponzi schemes can be charged with fraud, as they intentionally deceive investors by misrepresenting the nature and sustainability of their investment.

False and Misleading Conduct

Operating a Ponzi scheme involves false and misleading conduct, which may violate provisions under the Australian Consumer Law.

False Accounting

Inflating returns, misrepresenting investment results, or providing false financial statements can lead to charges of false accounting under the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW).


If multiple individuals are involved in planning and operating the Ponzi scheme, they may face conspiracy charges under the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW).

Consequences of Ponzi Schemes Conviction

Perpetrators of Ponzi schemes can face severe penalties upon conviction, including lengthy imprisonment, significant fines, and orders to compensate victims for their financial losses.


Ponzi schemes continue to threaten investors’ financial security in New South Wales and beyond. Understanding the mechanics of these fraudulent ventures, recognizing red flags, and being cautious about investment opportunities that seem too good to be true is essential to protect oneself from falling victim to these scams. Authorities in NSW remain vigilant in prosecuting those who operate Ponzi schemes, aiming to safeguard the public’s trust in financial markets and prevent further financial devastation for innocent investors.